James (Jack) Justus


Jack Justus

Contact Information

Office Location
154 Dodd
CV4.21 MB


Ph.D., University of Texas-Austin


Papers available online [pdf]:

 Wakil, S. and Justus, J. “The ‘Niche’ in Niche-Based Theorizing: Much Ado About Nothing.” Biology and Philosophy 37 (2022).

 Justus, J. and Wakil, S. “The Algorithmic Turn in Conservation Biology: On Characterizing Progress in Ethically-Driven Sciences.” Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science 88 (2021): 181–192.

Justus, J., "Ecological Theory and the Superfluous Niche.” Philosophical Topics 47 (2019): 105–123. 

Saltz, D.; Justus, J.; Huffaker, B. “The Crucial But Underrepresented Role of Philosophy in Conservation Biology Curricula.” Conservation Biology 33 (2019): 217–220.

Wakil, S. and Justus, J. “Mathematical Explanation and the Biological Optimality Fallacy.” Philosophy of Science 84 (2017): 916-930.

Shepherd, J. and JustusJ. “X-phi and Carnapian Explication.” Erkenntnis 80 (2015): 381–402

Justus, J. "Methodological Individualism in Ecology." Philosophy of Science 81 (2014): 770-784.

Justus, J. "Carnap's Forgotten Criterion of Empirical Significance." Mind 123 (2014): 415-436.

Burgman, M.; Regan, H.; Maguire, L.; Colyvan, M.; Justus, J.; Martin, T.; Rothley, K. "Voting Systems for Environmental Decisions." Conservation Biology 28 (2014): 322-332.

Justus, J. 2013. “Philosophical Issues in Ecology.” In Kampourakis, K. (ed.), Philosophy of Biology: A Companion for Educators. New York: Springer, pp. 343–371.

Justus, J. 2013. "Darwin's Evolutionary Ecology." In Ruse, M. (ed.), The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Darwin and Evolutionary Thought. New York: Cambridge University Press, pp. 383-390.

Justus, J. "The Elusive Basis of Inferential Robustness." Philosophy of Science 79 (2012): 795-807

Justus, J. "Carnap on Concept Determination: Methodology for Philosophy of Science." European Journal for Philosophy of Science 2 (2012): 161-179.

Justus, J. "Evidentiary Inference in Evolutionary Biology." [review essay of Elliott Sober, Evidence and Evolution: The Logic Behind the ScienceBiology and Philosophy 26 (2011): 419-437.

Justus, J. "A Case Study in Concept Determination: Ecological Diversity." In Brown, B.; K. de Laplante; and K. Peacock (eds.), Handbook of the Philosophy of Ecology. Elsevier Press: 2011. 147-168.

Colyvan, M.; Justus, J.; Regan, H. "The Conservation Game." Biological Conservation. 144 (2011): 1246-1253.

Colyvan, M.; Justus, J.; Regan, H. "The Natural Environment is Valuable but Not Infinitely Valuable." Conservation Letters 3 (2010): 224-228.

Justus, J. "The Diversities of Biodiversity [review of James Maclaurin and Kim Sterelny, What is Biodiversity?]Metascience 19 (2010): 247-250.

Justus, J. "[Review of Michael Friedman and Richard Creath (eds.), Cambridge Companion to Carnap.]Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 15 (2009): 428-431.

Justus, J.; Colyvan, M.; Regan, H.; Maguire, L. "Buying into Conservation: Intrinsic versus Instrumental Value." Trends in Ecology and Evolution 24 (2009): 187-191.

Justus, J.; Colyvan, M.; Regan, H.; Maguire, L. "Response to Sagoff." Trends in Ecology and Evolution 24 (2009): 644. [see Sagoff 2009]

Justus, J. "Ecological and Lyapunov Stability." Philosophy of Science 75 (2008): 421-436.

Justus, J. "Exotic Species" in Encyclopedia of Environmental Ethics and Philosophy, Callicott, J.B. and R. Frodeman (eds.). Thomas Gale: 2008. 412-414.

Maguire, L. and J. Justus. "Why Intrinsic Value is a Poor Basis for Conservation Decisions." Bioscience 58 (2008): 910-911.

Justus, J. "Complexity, Diversity, Stability" in A Companion to the Philosophy of Biology, Sarkar, S. and A. Plutynski (eds.). Blackwell: 2008. 321-350.

Justus, J., T. Fuller, and S. Sarkar. "Influence of Representation Targets on the Total Area of Conservation Area Networks.Conservation Biology 22 (2008): 673-682.

Justus, J. "Loop Analysis and Qualitative Modeling: Limitations and Merits." Biology and Philosophy 21 (2006): 647-666.

Justus, J. "Cognitive Significance" in The Philosophy of Science: An Encyclopedia, Sarkar, S. and J. Pfeifer (eds.). Routledge Press: 2006. 131-140.

Garson, J. and J. Justus. "Conservation Biology" in The Philosophy of Science: An Encyclopedia, Sarkar, S. and J. Pfeifer (eds.). Routledge Press: 2006. 163-168.

Justus, J. "Qualitative Scientific Modeling and Loop Analysis." Philosophy of Science 72 (2005): 1272-1286.

Sarkar, S., J. Justus, T. Fuller, C. Kelley, J. Garson, and M. Mayfield. "Effectiveness of Environmental Surrogates for the Selection of Conservation Area Networks." Conservation Biology 19 (2005): 815-825.

Justus, J. Rev. of Searching for Sustainability: Interdisciplinary Essays in the Philosophy of Conservation Biology, by Bryan NortonPhilosophy of Science 71 (2004): 232-235.

Justus, J. and S. Sarkar. "The Principle of Complementarity in the Design of Reserve Networks to Conserve Biodiversity: A Preliminary History." Journal of Biosciences 27 (2002): 421-435.

Justus, J. "Taking Stock of Conservation Biology: Old Problems and New Directions." Rev. of Conservation Biology Research Priorities for the Next Decade, by Michael Soulé and Gordan Orians, and Designing Field Studies for Biodiversity Conservation, by Peter Feinsinger. Bioscience 52 (2002): 854-856.

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